How to Choose an Area of Specialization in Information Technology

There are many academic majors related to Information Technology. Here is a list of the top-paying jobs that you can pursue with a degree in the IT field.

Information Technology jobs
Choose a career in Information Technology

How to Choose a Career in Information Technology (IT)?

If you want a job in an industry that gives you an opportunity to make a great living, you can check out jobs in the IT field. But how can you choose an area of specialization in the IT sector that suits you the best? Here are some tips that may help you choose the right IT degree for the best IT jobs.

What is Information Technology (IT)?

Information technology is the use of computers to create, process, store, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data or information.

In practice, information technology studies how to apply technology to solve commercial and organizational problems in all fields, on a large scale.

IT workers aim to help people solve and understand technical problems and ensure that systems work well for them, so they can do their jobs better. 

The field of Information Technology (IT) is an engineering field under which many disciplines are taught in universities and institutes, where students in this field obtain bachelor’s, master’s, or even doctorate degrees in any of its specializations.

The field of information technology studies many technological aspects that include technical support, management, computer systems, database administration, systems analysis, programming, management and design of telecommunications, as well as knowledge of languages ​​used in computers, web development, server management, and Internet development.

Which Specialization is Best in Information Technology?

The information technology major is one of the most important majors that students may search for. With the end of the high school exam, students begin the process of searching for the appropriate major for future study and work.

Choosing the appropriate and desired major is the first step to climbing the ladder of success and achieving ambition.

Perhaps the first task for the student applying to the university is to determine the subject or profession because this profession will accompany the person for life, so he must choose the specialty closest to himself.

Data analytics, cybersecurity, digital forensics and systems security, digital investigations, digital systems technology and embedded systems, and network management are some of the IT specialization you can consider.

information technology fields
Choose which field of information technology is best for you?

Major Areas of Specialization in Information Technology

There are many academic majors related to information technology, and among these specializations are the following:

Information Science: Information science is an academic field that is primarily concerned with the collection, selection, analysis, classification, processing, management, storage, manipulation, dissemination, retrieval, movement, and protection of information. Information science takes help from many tools, techniques and services related to such activities.

Computer Science: This major is concerned with studying computers as a machine or an effective material tool in solving problems and with designing algorithms, programs, computer systems.

Computer science is concerned with the study of algorithms, data structuring, logic, and programming languages, as well as some tracks of artificial intelligence, computer graphics, databases, coding, scientific computing, networks, and visualization techniques

Computer Engineering: This specialization combines computer science and electrical engineering, where a computer engineer benefits from his scientific knowledge in designing various hardware and programs and programming them using different programming languages to raise the efficiency of applications and technological platforms.

Data Analytics: Data analytics is the science of analyzing raw data for insights and trends, using various tools and techniques in order to make conclusions about that information and help organizations make decisions and succeed.

Computer Programming: This specialization is concerned with how to write and implement general and specialized programs to operate computer systems using the types of low-level and high-level programming languages.

Computer programming is also concerned with linking programs with each other and detecting and fixing errors in them.

Computer System, Networking & Telecommunication: This major is concerned with teaching students how to create, implement, and manage computer systems and their related software.

Information Systems Management: This major provides students with the business and technical knowledge that enables them to be effective in light of the economic changes that are occurring around the world. As they can manage and design solutions related to corporate systems, by using technology as a key element in this process.

Digital Forensics: Digital Forensics is the science of investigating and finding evidence from digital media like a computer, mobile phone, server, or network. The investigation process involves formulating and testing hypotheses about digital states and events.

The digital forensics process involves preserving, identifying, extracting and documenting computer evidence that can be used by the court of law. 

Information Technology Job Description and Duties

Information technology jobs are experiencing rapid growth in demand. This is because almost all types of businesses need specialized employees in this field, as there are many jobs for IT graduates.

Here is a list of the top-paying jobs that you can pursue with a degree in information technology.

Data Analyst:

 A data analyst is a person responsible for examining, refining, transforming and modeling data with the aim of discovering useful information, supporting problem-solving and decision-making, optimizing profits, and streamlining logistic processes.

Business Analyst: 

A business analyst (BA) is a person responsible for analyzing an organization or field of business and bridging the gap between information technology and business by using data analytics to assess processes, define requirements, and provide data-driven recommendations and reports to executives and stakeholders.

Computer Service Technician: 

A computer service technician, also known as a PC technician, is a person who maintains computers and servers and installs, evaluates, detects, and troubleshoots different types of issues related to computer systems. 

Computer service technician ensures that both the enterprise’s hardware and software are well secured to operate without interruption.

Computer Programmers: 

A programmer is responsible for writing and testing code for computer programs and mobile applications.

The computer programmer is also involved in systems and software maintenance, debugging, and troubleshooting to make sure everything is running smoothly.

Software Analyst: 

A software analyst is the person who studies the software application domain, defines specifications for complex software programming applications, resolves complex issues relating to business requirements and objectives and develops modifications and changes to existing systems to enhance performance.

Software Developer:

A software developer analyzes users’ needs and then designs tests, and develops software to meet evolving user and market demands.

The software developer also recommends software upgrades to clients’ existing software and systems and designs each part of an application or system and plans how the pieces will work together.

Hardware Engineer: 

A hardware engineer is a person who designs and tests computer hardware components, analyzes test data, eliminates errors, modifies existing hardware, and develops computer systems and various electrical devices.

Database Administrator: 

A database administrator is a person who manages, backs up, and ensures the databases run efficiently and provides security from unauthorized access.

The database administrator uses specialized software to store and organize data, such as customer shipping records and financial statements.

Cyber Security Specialist:

A cybersecurity specialist is responsible for monitoring, detecting, investigating, analyzing, and providing security during the development phases of software systems, networks, and data centers.

Cybersecurity professionals play a major role in securing information systems from cybersecurity risks, threats, and vulnerabilities.

Multimedia Developer: 

A multimedia developer designs and creates computer programs by combining computer programming and visual art and he manipulates and integrates text, graphics, images, video, sound, animation to create integrated multimedia programs. 

A multimedia developer can combine design skills with technical knowledge for digital products such as online learning software, video games, or interactive websites.

System Administrators:

A system administrator is responsible for monitoring and maintaining the systems, fixing computer server problems and operating computer systems; especially multi-user computers, such as servers.

Network Administrators: 

A network administrator is responsible for organizing, installing and keeping an organization’s computer network up-to-date and operating computer systems including local area networks, wide area networks, network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems.

Network Engineers: 

A network engineer is responsible for the foundation of an organization’s IT system including planning, constructing and managing networks to ensure they’re optimized and functioning as intended.

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